Cooptation: Repressive Bureaucracy and its Effects on Activists and Advocates for Social Change; Why Doing Not-for-Profit Advocacy Work in the United States is so Difficult

© October 1995, updated September 2013, and December 2014  by Rose Garrity   INTRODUCTION This paper will use domestic violence programs as a useful example, yet the same issues apply to all regulated/licensed/controlled by funder programs. Most of us who began...

Organizing Social Change

Organizing is not about “outcomes”! Organizing that comes out of a clear vision which guides its mission supplies a product. Its product is not an “outcome” based upon individual participants’ changes or successes; the product is a changed society, achieved by...